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    Avignon

    Temple Saint Martial

    Queen Joanna of Naples, Countess of Provence, once owned a palace on this site, and it was here that the town of Avignon was signed over to Clement VI in 1348. Construction of the church began in 1346 on the orders of Lo…

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    Adresse

    Adresse

    2 Rue Jean Henri Fabre

    Ville

    Avignon

    Code postal

    84000

    Geolocalisation


    Description

    Queen Joanna of Naples, Countess of Provence, once owned a palace on this site, and it was here that the town of Avignon was signed over to Clement VI in 1348. Construction of the church began in 1346 on the orders of Lord Hugues IV of Baux, although it served the sovereign on only one occasion, when he came to Avignon in 1348 in the midst of an outbreak of plague. The property was given to the Benedictines of Cluny in 1363 by Urban V. Cardinal Pierre de Cros established a priory and college here in 1373 by the name of St Martial. The cardinals who founded these monasteries asserted the legitimacy of the French Antipope Clement VII in Avignon by building a church in the flamboyant Gothic style, which is distinguished above all by its elegance, light and the cardinals’ coats of arms of carved into the facades. Cardinal Jean de Lagrange built his own monumental tomb (over 15 metres high) in the apse. A cenotaph was erected in memory of Pope Blessed Urban V (the tomb is empty). Pierre II Mignard rebuilt the great portal and convent buildings in 1700. The property, which was ruined during the Revolution, was home to Avignon’s first museum, the Natural History Museum, in the 20th century. In 1866 the curator and lecturer Jean-Henri Fabre gave evening classes in botany not just to farmers but also to highly-cultured figures, such as the director of the East India Company, John Stuart Mill (1806-1873), and the editor Joseph Roumanille. The queen’s palace was disfigured by the opening up of the Cours Jean Jaurès. The church became a place of worship for the Reformed Church of France. Agricol Perdiguier Square marks the site of the old buildings of the cloister. Queen Joanna of Naples, Countess of Provence, once owned a palace on this site, and it was here that the town of Avignon was signed over to Clement VI in 1348. Construction of the church began in 1346 on the orders of Lord Hugues IV of Baux, although it served the sovereign on only one occasion, when he came to Avignon in 1348 in the midst of an outbreak of plague. The property was given to the Benedictines of Cluny in 1363 by Urban V. Cardinal Pierre de Cros established a priory and college here in 1373 by the name of St Martial. The cardinals who founded these monasteries asserted the legitimacy of the French Antipope Clement VII in Avignon by building a church in the flamboyant Gothic style, which is distinguished above all by its elegance, light and the cardinals’ coats of arms of carved into the facades. Cardinal Jean de Lagrange built his own monumental tomb (over 15 metres high) in the apse. A cenotaph was erected in memory of Pope Blessed Urban V (the tomb is empty). Pierre II Mignard rebuilt the great portal and convent buildings in 1700. The property, which was ruined during the Revolution, was home to Avignon’s first museum, the Natural History Museum, in the 20th century. In 1866 the curator and lecturer Jean-Henri Fabre gave evening classes in botany not just to farmers but also to highly-cultured figures, such as the director of the East India Company, John Stuart Mill (1806-1873), and the editor Joseph Roumanille. The queen’s palace was disfigured by the opening up of the Cours Jean Jaurès. The church became a place of worship for the Reformed Church of France. Agricol Perdiguier Square marks the site of the old buildings of the cloister.


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